Important Notices: The aim of this article is entirely devotional in nature. It was my intention to explore the ancestral mythos of Hekate in accord with my own weltanschauung which is heavily influenced by the Order of Nine Angles. Thus the opinion presented here is purely personal and in the line of my years long studies of occult matters and practical experiences of various forms. It must be clearly stated that, despite my pontifications and serious studies, I am not a scholar on the subject and relied frequently on the work of others: Academics (John Hilton and Jacqueline M Feather), Greek translators, classical literature and sometimes others such as me who opinionated on certain forums. As for the Invocation, even though I am an extremely poor translator, I was primarily inspired by Leonardo Drakon and Harpakhered to come up with a version of my own which suit my ritualistic needs. It is also important to note that this article will be published in the upcoming ‘Dark Effluvium’ magazine, thanks to a friend.
This article is entirely devotional to the one and only βασίλεια τριοδῖτι.
Born as a single child, her mother is Asteria (Ἀστερία), and her father is Perses (Πέρσης). According to the ancient lore’s, she manifested herself as a complete being with immense powers over the earth, the heavens and under the seas. Considering how she is also a torch-bearing goddess, this makes her almighty over the four elements… Zeus (Ζεύς), the all father, annihilated the titans but allowed Hecate to live on, out of respect and honored her above all others.
Asteria of happy name, whom Perses once led to his great house to be called his dear wife. And she conceived and bare Hecate whom Zeus the son of Cronos honored above all. He gave her splendid gifts, to have a share of the earth and the unfruitful sea. She received honor also in starry heaven, and is honored exceedingly by the deathless gods…. The son of Cronos did her no wrong nor took anything away of all that was her portion among the former Titan gods: but she holds, as the division was at the first from the beginning, privilege both in earth, and in heaven, and in sea (Hesiod, Theogony 404-452)
Some speculate that her lineage is not so:
Her Greek lineage is in dispute. Some sources giver her parents as Nyx (Night) and Tartarus (Underworld). Some state that her parents were the Titans Asteria, creatress, Queen of Heaven, and Perces embodying the Planetary Powers. Others claim that she had only one parent. -Hecates treasures
There is also a vulgar and quite popular opinion about the origin of the goddess which imply that she was forcefully assimilated into the Greek pantheon but that her role was already fulfilled by other deities. This led to a division of her essence and many concluded that she was merely an ‘extension’ of other gods or goddess such as Apollo, Artemis, Selene, Rhea, Demeter (…) This bastardization likely occurred because Hecate was perhaps not originally a Greek goddess. Indeed, her oldest origin is said to emanate from Egypt which then, traveled to Thrace which has a mysterious, often multiple, history of assimilation. It is thus likely that Hecate was anciently praised as Heket-Heqet, the frog headed goddess of fertility and creation in Egypt.
Her name was probably pronounced more like Ḥaqā́tat in Middle Egyptian, hence her later Greek counterpart Ἑκάτη (Hecate). Heqet was usually depicted as a frog, or a woman with a frog’s head. –McKechnie, Paul, and Philippe Guillaume. Ptolemy II Philadelphus and His World. Leiden: Brill, 2008. page 133
It is my hypothesis that she was altered by Thracian culture and then altered once more by Greek culture which simply continued the cycle of her changes and had problems fitting her in their pantheon. According to Greek translation, (Ἑκατός) is supposedly an epithet for Apollo (Ἀπόλλων) which means. “Ruler/worker from afar”. Interestingly enough, it is likely that the name Heqet comes from the word heqa meaning “ruler” or “scepter”. Such similarities cannot be ignored.
There are those who theorize that Hecate is as old as the early Egyptians. She possibly evolved from the Egyptian midwife goddess know as Hequit, Heket or Hekat, a goddess with Nubian roots. It is said that this goddess took her attributes from the “heq” (“heka”) or tribal matriarch of pre-dynastic Egypt. This wise woman was believed to command the “hekau” or “Mother’s Words of Power”, giving power to the sacred word.
This goddess, in turn, was connected to the goddess Nut. She was the sky and the heaven and was invoked with many names. The Great Deep, The Starry One, Cow Goddess, Mother of the Gods, Mother of the Sun, Protector of the Dead, Guardian of the Celestial Vault. These titles all relate to Hecate in her association with the moon, the night sky and the underworld.
The worship of Hecate may also have passed through the fertile crescent of the Israelites and Sumerians. Hecate may have been related to the Sumerian Goddess of Death and Magic. She may have influenced or been influenced by the legends of Lilith, the first wife of Adam who was demonized as “the accursed huntress” and the dark phase of the moon – also attributes of Hecate. -Hecates treasures
Traditions of ancient times depicted her as a nocturnal (νυχία), chthonic (χθόνιος) goddess of the earth and the underworld, closely related to the dead and the practice of necromancy (νεκυῖα). Thus, she is associated with ghosts, which follow her around but also to very dark emanations and practices. She is said to consume dead bodies (ἀωροβόρος), to disturb tombs (καπετόκτυπε), to spread madness (οἰστροπλάνεια), to be a flesh-eater (σαρκοφάγος), to bring ruin (φθορηγενής) or death (θανατηγός), to eat hearts (καρδιόδαιτε) to drink blood (αίμοπότις) and many more sinister suggestions. Such activities, often willfully forgotten by Neo-pagans, are an essential part of her tripartite nature which resembles the Dark Gods of the Sinister tradition of the Order of Nine Angles. Just like them, she is a perfect example of a deity that is beyond false dichotomies and should not be judged according to such humane and vulgar denotatum.
As Prytania, Invincible Queen of the Dead, Hekate became a wardress and conveyor of souls through the underworld. As Goddess of Magic and enchantments, she sent prophetic or demonic dreams to humankind. Her presence was felt at tombs and scenes of murders where she presided over purifications and expiations. Like her namesake Kali, in India, Hekate, as a funerary priestess, conducted her rites in charnel or burial grounds, assisting in liberating the souls of the newly dead. Because her nature was originally that of a mysterious deity, more prominence was given later to her gloomy and appalling features. The Hellenes emphasized Hekate’s destructive powers at the expense of her creative ones, until at last she was invoked only as a goddess of the netherworld in clandestine rites of black magic, especially at places where three roads met in the darkness of night. -Darkmother
While she is often compared to many other feminine deities such as Artemis (Ἄρτεμις) and Selene (Σεληνη), I believe Her archetypal nature to be closer to the goddess Baphomet of the Order of Nine Angles. Clever readers will understand this as obvious since she holds powerful influences on the realm of the earth and the acausal, she drinks blood, she is sometimes sited on a pyramid of skulls and she is often called forth by vibrating:
Only through arduous research will the practitioner be able to unlock this rare epithet which leads to the discovery of the true nature of the Queen Hecate which again, holds much resemblances with Baphomet but also leads to the discovery of her true nature. The synthesis of all her aspects and her threefold union…
It is also important to note that the tripartite nature of the seven spheres creates a magnificent opportunity for the practitioner to work and honor Hecate. Indeed, the first sphere (Moon) is perfectly suited for this endeavor since:
Atu 18: The Moon (Shugara) which is associated to the smell of rotten flesh, to the spiral symbol and a frog-like head.
Atu 15: Deofel (Noctulius) which is associated to ‘The Crone’ which is said to be one of the three facets of Hecate. It is also associated to a jeweled lady, a wheel of skull, the wilderness and the moon which wraps itself around a savage God.
Atu 13: Death (Nythra) which is associated with a void area in space which is the primordial essence of Hecate. Since she is also a chthonic goddess followed by a horde of shades and apparitions, she is considered to be, in every possible sense of the word, a goddess of death.
The appropriate workings for the sphere of the moon are works of hidden knowledge but also work of terror and sinister knowledge. This is tremendously important since Hecate is said to play a role similar to Leviathan, Choronzon or Akoman in that she reveals secrets from within and act upon the subconscious of her followers. Hence why she is often called ‘Key-keeper’ (κλειδοῦχε), web spinner (κλωθαίη) or even abysmal (βύθια). If you are judged worthy, you will be rewarded with ‘hidden, sinister knowledge’. If you fail, the gates will close and you will be shown a taste of insanity…
The Queen is also a lunar entity that is said to appear as radiant (φαέθω), motherly (παγγεννήτειρα) and holy (ἂγια) at times, bringing wisdom (φωσφόρε) and blessings to her children much like the archetype of Lucifer. Hence why, she is a torch bearing Goddess (δᾳδοῦχε). She may guide you outside the caves of your subconscious or leave you in the dark and hiss you until you become mad.
Also crucial to her veneration is her attachment to the wilderness and of course, witchcraft. She is followed by a pack of dogs and she often represented with animal heads which makes her suitable for zoanthropic astral workings:
All wild animals were sacred to Hekate, and she was sometimes shown with three animal heads – the dog, snake, and lion, or alternately the dog, horse, and bear. This aspect refers to her rulership over the ancient tripartite year of spring, summer, and winter. However, her primary animal form and familiar was the dog. She was associated with the three-headed dog, Cerberus, who derived from the Dog Star Sirius, whose helical rising foretold the annual flooding of the Nile. -Darkmother
According to the table of correspondences of the Order of Nine Angles, the star associated to the sphere of the Moon is ‘Sirius’ and the element is ‘earth’. Two other exciting connections that seems to suggest that Queen Hecate is ideal for rituals.
Such attributes are also equally ideal for a practitioner undertaking or attracted to the ‘Rounwytha way’ and this, even though:
i) There are no named deities or divinities or ‘spirits’. No ‘gods’, no ‘goddess’. No demons.
ii) There are no spells or conjurations or spoken charms or curses; no ‘secret scripts’ and no ‘secret teachings’; indeed no teachings at all.
iii) There are no ‘secret book(s)’ or manuscripts; indeed, there are no writings.
iv) There are no ritual or Occult or ‘wiccan’ or ‘satanist’ elements at all.
v) There is no calendar, as calendars are usually understood, and thus no set dates/times for festivities or commemorations.
vi) There are no oaths made, no pledges written or said.
vii) There is no organization, no dogma, no codification of beliefs, no leader(s), no hierarchy, and no stages or grades of ‘attainment’. -O9A MSS
Ideal since there can be an unnamed appreciation of nature without the necessities of worship or rituals. Hecate can be relieved of her numerous names and simply become ‘Physis’ Since by her very nature, she represents all four elements. Such decisions are for the follower of the way to make…
Another extraordinary revelation that the practitioner can come to understand solely through praxis is that Hecate is an alchemically complete being. It is my opinion that she is definitively not, both in essence and in origin, separated or mixed with other archetypes. Since she was born ‘fully manifested’, I believe her to be a perfect union of the alchemical tria prima which would explain why she cannot be fitted into a solely numinous or sinister ensemble. Her physis is that of both what is vulgarly termed “light” and “dark”. She is beyond false dichotomies.
According to my personal experiences, she shows herself in dreams, emerging from a silver spiral of mercury. She sometimes appear as young and immaculate or old and fragile, followed by snakes. She also put the mind to rest and shroud you in darkness so the subconscious can awaken and the mundane mind be shut down. Thus, her activity is most of the time subtle and impossible to remember or notice…
Here is an example of a successful ritual:
-Large bowl of water
-Crystal Quartz Tetrahedron
-Black or Purple Candle or bonfire
-Old key (Optional)
-Hecate Statue (Optional)
-Hecate Image or Sigil (optional)
While outdoor during a chosen moon period and if possible, at a crossroad, remain sited and silent in front of a large bowl, full of water. The reflection of the moon should be seen in the liquid and your legs should be in contact with the ground (earth), not the grass. Since Hecate is a nocturnal and Chthonic goddess, no chants or vibrations are required but if the practitioner feels the need to use his voice, whisper what you have to say or sing.
Make sure to surround yourself with animal bones, your Crystal quartz tetrahedron and an Onyx stone. A bonfire or one single candle (black or purple) should be lit in front of you to represent her sacred torch. Let yourself bask in the darkness and focus inwardly. Listen to the sounds in the forest and do not let your mind wander. Your physical and mental state should be comparable to the one you get before astral traveling.
When such state is attained, get your bowl close to you, hold your breath and get your head Underwater. While doing this, hold the ancient key if you happen to have one. This is the most important part of the ritual since you have to ‘feel’ what changes must be brought to your path. In a more ‘Nietzschean’ terminology, you have to gaze into the abyss and let the abyss gaze into you. Do this process several time to weaken your conscious mind and awaken your intuition. You should receive clear answers from what ‘was’, what ‘is’ and what ‘should be’. If for any reason, you start feeling Dizzy, stop the process immediately and go back to a meditative state, focus instead on your legs connecting with the ground.
When this step of the ritual is completed, sink your onyx rock in your large bowl of water and bury the ancient key just Under the bowl. Go back in a meditative state while directing your energy on your Crystal quartz tetrahedron. At this point, you may also hold the animal bones and focus on the impartial numinosity of nature. If you went with the bonfire option, get as close as possible to the fire so it can cleanse you entirely.
The ritual is then completed but only partially. Clean the area and extinguish the fire but leave the key buried and the bowl with your onyx where it is. Only next morning can you come and remove those as well. It is recommended that you immediately go to sleep and note your dreams not only for this night but for the next week.
here is a sublime invocation that I have decided to translate and alter from the Greek for my own needs, always keeping in mind the ‘Order of Nine Angles’ mythos. This invocation comes from the ‘Greek Magical Papyri’.
δεῦρ᾽, Έκάτη, γιγάεσσα, Διώνης ή μεδέουσα, Περσια, Βαυβώ, Φρούνη, ἰοχέαιρα, ἀδμήτη, Λύδη, ἀδαμάστωρ, εὐπατόπρεια, δᾳδοῦχε, ήγεμόωη, κατα<καμ>ψυψαύχενε, Κούρη · κλῦθι, διαζεύξασα, πύλας ἀλύτου ἀδάμαντος, Ἅρτεμι, ῆ καἰ πρόσθεν ἐπίσκοπος ἦσ<θ>α, μεγίστη, πότνια, ῤηξίχθων, σκυλακάγεια, πανδαμάτειρα, εἰνοδία, τρικάρανε, φαεσφόρε, παρθένε σεμνή· σ ἐ καλῶ, ἐλλοφόνα, <δο>λόεσσα, Ἀυδναία, πολύμορφε·
δεῦρ᾽, Έκάτη, τριοδῖτι, πυρίπνοα φάσματ᾽ ἒχουσα χἀτ ἒλαχες δεινάσ μέν ὀδούς, χαλεπἀς δ᾽ ἐπιπομπάς· τἀν Έκάταν σε καλῶ σὐν ἀποφθιμένοισιν ἀώροις, κεἲ τινες ἦρὠων ἒθανον ἀγὐναιοἰ τε ἂπαιδες, ἂγρια συριζοντες, ἐπἰ φρεσι θυμὀν ἒδοντες ( οί δἐ · ἀνέμων εἲδωλον ἒχοντες)·
– PGM IV. 2714-2734
“Hither, Hekate, Leviathan, Dione’s guard, Persia, Baubo, Frog, Archeress, Unbroken, Lydian, Unwedded, Highborn, Torch-Bearing Queen, Against hubris, Maiden, Hear me, you who’ve parted from the adamantine gates. (Artemis), you are equally warden. Numinous (Limitless), Mistress, bursting forth from the earth, Almighty Tamer of dogs, She of the crossroads, Polycephal, Light-bringer, Virgin-pure. I summon thee, Fawn-slayer, Wise one, Aidonia (Infernal, underwordly), Polymorph(a).
Hither, Hekate, Trimorphic, You who with your fire-breathing phantoms oversee the dreaded paths and harsh enchantments.
Hither Hekate, I summon you along with those who have perished prematurely and those heroes who have died wifeless and childless, whose souls hiss wildly with yearning hearts.
(Optional): Now, summoned by my sacred rites, do thou [Hekate], orb of the night, put on thy most evil face and come, threatening in all thy forms.“
-Beldam 128 yf